Jobs and Wages

  • Briefing Paper
    February 11, 2009 - 11:35am

    Prior to September 11, as documented in Keystone Research Center’s The State of Working Pennsylvania

    2001 (on line at, signs already existed of looming recession in Pennsylvania.1 Using data from the U.S. Department of Labor and the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and

  • Research Report
    October 24, 2008 - 2:49pm


    Over the last three decades of mostly bad news for the Pennsylvania middle class, one bright spot has been the economic progress of women. This progress is illustrated by the slicing in half of the so-called gender wage gap: while typical Pennsylvania women workers earned only 61 cents at the end of the 1970s for every dollar earned by typical Pennsylvania men, they now earn almost 80 cents.

    In the current decade, however, during the expansion from 2001-2007, the economic progress of women in the Pennsylvania workforce stopped.

  • Research Report
    June 19, 2007 - 2:59pm


    KRC's new report, The State of Rural Pennsylvania reveals good news and bad news for the 28% of Pennsylvanians who live outside the state's metropolitian areas.

  • Policy Watch
    June 1, 2006 - 12:13pm
  • Policy Watch
    June 1, 2006 - 12:12pm
  • Briefing Paper
    February 6, 2006 - 12:40pm


    Pennsylvania lawmakers are currently considering whether to increase the state’s minimum hourly wage. In this debate, one question concerns whether the earnings of workers at the low end of the job market will increase even without a higher minimum wage. The National Federation of Independent Business claims, for example, that 63% of minimum-wage workers receive wage increases after one year, and therefore a minimum wage increase is unnecessary. (See Box 1 for a discussion of this claim.)

  • Policy Watch
    January 1, 2006 - 12:14pm


    Pennsylvania’s General Assembly is considering proposals to raise the state’s minimum hourly wage above the federal level of $5.15 to $7.15 by January 2007.  Alternative proposals would increase the minimum wage to only $6.25 per hour by the same date.  

  • Briefing Paper
    March 1, 2002 - 11:21am

    In the last decade, gaps in income and property wealth among Pennsylvania’s 501 school districts have yawned wider.

    With school financing depending heavily on local property taxes, affluent districts can fund schools generously. Districts with less property wealth however, struggle with high tax rates that still fail to raise adequate revenue for quality schools. This combination often prompts more residents to leave lower-income districts for greener pastures, further undercutting the local tax base and contributing to low-density, land-destroying growth patterns.

  • Research Report
    November 1, 2000 - 1:53pm

    Living Wage Legislation
    Allegheny County Council is now considering living wag legislation. The proposed ordinancewould require that several groups of workers, including workers employed on county service contracts, be paid at least $9.12 per hour if they receive health benefits from their employer and $10.62 per hour otherwise. This report analyzes the benefits and costs of the provisions of the proposed legislation that apply to county service
    contracts, which mainly involve health and human services.

    The Need for Living Wage

  • Briefing Paper
    February 1, 1999 - 11:38am

    Many Pennsylvanians today believe that anyone who looks hard enough can find a "living-wage" job—a job that supports a family at a minimal but adequate standard of living. This report shows that this belief is wrong.

    Even with unemployment near its lowest level in a quarter century, there is a shortage of jobs in Pennsylvania and a severe shortage of living-wage jobs. These shortages are especially acute in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.

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